( Salvador Dali )


Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech, Marqués de Púbol, (11th May 1904 - 23rd January 1989),in short Salvador Dalí, is a famous Spanish Catalonia artist well known for his surrealist works. He depicted a dream world in which commonplace objects are juxtaposed, deformed, or otherwise metamorphosed in a bizarre and irrational fashion. His paintings also evince a fascination for Classical and Renaissance art, clearly visible through his hyper-realistic style and religious symbolism of his later work.Spain's King Juan Carlos I appointed him Marquis of Púbol in 1982. Together with Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso, he is the three most representative artists in the 20th century.

Photo of young Dalí

May 11th 1904, Born at Figueres, Spain.

1916, Dalí’s father enrolls the young artist in evening classes at the Municipal School of Drawing in Figueres.

1918, Participates in an exhibition of local artists at the Municipal Theaterat Figueres.

1921 Enters the San Fernando Academy of Art in Madrid.

1925, First solo exhibition at the Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona, Spain.

1926, Dalí visits Paris for the first time and meets Pablo Picasso.

1929, Dalí makes the film Un Chien Andalou with his friend Luis Buñuel. The two artists officially join the Surrealist movement. Dalí meets Gala and they begin their lifelong companionship in Paris.

1931, Dalí exhibits in the first Surrealist show in the United States.

(La persistencia de la memoria) 1931

1932, Dalí took part in the exhibition Surrealism: Paintings, Drawings and Photographs, organised by the Julien Levy Gallery in New York, exhibiting The Persistance of Memory.

1933, First individual exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York.

1934, Dalí staged his first individual exhibition at the Zwemmer Gallery in London. 11月,達利與加拉乘坐潛普萊恩號輪船初次到達紐約。

Dalí with surrealist photoographer Man Ray 1934

1936, Dalí took part in the Exposition Surréaliste d'Objets at the Galerie Charles Ratton in Paris.

1938, Dalí's Rainy Taxi exhibited at Galerie Beaux-Arts in Paris of the Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme.

1939 Dalí completely disassociates from the Surrealist movement.

1939, Dalí presented his individual exhibition at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York.

1940, Dalí flees with Gala to the United States via Spain after France falls to the Nazis in June. Dalí and Gala remain in the United States until 1948.

1941, The Ballets Russes de Montecarlo gave their first performance at the Metropolitan Opera House of Labyrinth, with libretto, decors and costumes by Dalí.

1942, Retrospective exhibition of Dalí and Joan Miró opens at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

1944, The International Theatre in New York, Ballet International presented Sentimental Colloquy, with sets designed by Dalí.

1945, The dropping of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima marks the beginning of Dalí’s period of “nuclear mysticism.”

(Spellbound) 1945

1949, Dali continued to be inventive, experimenting with unusual media, such as holography, 4D and bulletist works. Some art contained optical illusions and his work had an influence on future pop art.

Dalí with Walt Disney 1950

1964, He was awarded the Gran Cruz de Isabel la Católica, the highest Spanish distinction. Éditions de La Table Ronde published Journal d'un génie (Diary of a Genius).

1965, The Gallery of Modern Art in New York inaugurated the anthological exhibition Salvador Dali 1910-1965.

1966, Albin Michel of Paris published Dalí's book Lettre ouverte à Salvador Dalí (Open Letter to Salvador Dalí), with thirty-three illustrations by the artist himself.

(Alice in wonderland) 1969

Enrique Sabater with Dalí 1970

1971, Inauguration of the Dalí Museum in Cleveland, founded by Reynolds Morse, a major Dalí collector.

1972, The Knoedler Galleries presented the first world exhibition of holograms that Dalí had created in collaboration with Dennis Gabor.

1974, The Dalí Theatre-Museum in Figueres was inaugurated on September 28th.

(Alice in wonderland) Bronze1977

1978, Dalí presented at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York his first hyperstereoscopic painting, Dalí Lifting the Skin of the Mediterranean to Show Gala the Birth of Venus.

1980, London's Tate Gallery presented a retrospective of Salvador Dalí, with a total of two hundred and fifty-one works on show.

(Space Elephant) Bronze 1980

1982, Gala dies on June 10th.

1983, A major anthological exhibition, 400 works by Salvador Dalí from 1914 to 1983, was held in Madrid, Barcelona and Figueres.

1989, Dalí dies on January 23rd of heart failure and is buried in the crypt of the Teatre-Museu Dalí. His will bequeathes his property and

remaining works, not previously donated to the Teatre-Museu Dalí, to the Spanish State.
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